Maize tolerance to Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) leaf damage and insecticide application

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Antonia Hernandez-Trejo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3909-234X
Jose Alberto Lopez Santillan
Benigno Estrada-Drouaillet https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0332-5658
Zoila Reséndiz Ramírez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4365-5651
Sóstenes Edmundo Varela Fuentes https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9254-6160
Juana María Coronado-Blanco https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8387-7734
Rosa Ana Malvar https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7915-4675

Keywords

fall armyworm control, yield decline, native populations, Zea mays.

Resumen

Objective: To evaluate the tolerance of Tamaulipas native maize populations to the leaf damage caused by Spodoptera frugiperda.


Design/Methodology/Approach: During the two agricultural cycles of 2019, the leaf damage by S. frugiperda and the grain yield decrease in 10 populations of native maize were evaluated In Güémez, Tamaulipas.


Results: Leaf damage by S. frugiperda was minimal when synthetic insecticide (emamectin benzoate) was applied in the autumn-winter agricultural cycle; meanwhile, it was greater in the spring-summer cycle, but its levels remained lower than the rest of the S. frugiperda management strategies. Leaf damage was higher during the spring-summer cycle because the environmental temperature was higher than in the autumn-winter cycle.


Study limitations/Implications: Spodoptera frugiperda is an important pest of maize. It is mainly controlled using synthetic insecticides, which cause environmental and human health risks. The use of tolerant cultivars is a strategy that reduces these risks.


Findings/Conclusions: The TML2S3 and VHA maize populations were tolerant to S. frugiperda leaf damage in both agricultural cycles; it is considered as the base germplasm for a program aimed at enhancing this characteristic.

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