CHARACTERISTICS AND SOCIO-PRODUCTIVE PROBLEMS OF WOMEN MEZCAL PRODUCERS IN OAXACA, MEXICO

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Julia Sánchez Gómez
Joaliné Pardo Núñez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6965-1376
Venancio Cuevas Reyes https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9946-3942
Yair Romero Romero https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7779-4211

Keywords

woman, rural, gender, mezcal production

Resumen

Objective: To analyze the characteristics and socio-productive problems of women mezcal producers of Oaxaca, Mexico.


Design/methodology/approach: A semi-structured interview was applied in the field to n=20 women mezcal producers to obtain the data for this study.


Results: The interviewees are middle-aged adult women with an elementary education level and a wide experience in the production of mezcal. Among them, 35% make all decisions in their business and at home. The main problems that they perceive in this activity are the price of mezcal (35%) and the shortage of agave (30%). Women face social limitations such as work overload at home, a lack of financial aids for production, and little involvement in rural organizations.


Study limitations/implications: More studies about women mezcal producers in Oaxaca should be conducted.


Findings/conclusions: Collective work and organization could be alternatives for women mezcal producers to improve their and their families’ benefits and quality of life. Public policies with a gender perspective should be designed to meet the needs of women who participate in mezcal production.

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