Strategies and socio-productive relationships in pig backyard production


Leonel Santos-Barrios
Juan Felipe Núñez-Espinoza
Monica Elizama Ruiz-Torres
Tania Calva-Hernández
Carlos Galdino Martínez-García
Francisco Ernesto Martínez-Castañeda


Economic well-being, economic sustainability, livestock, social network analysis.


Objective: To determine socioeconomic relationships in backyard pig farms.

Design/methodology/approximation: The farms studied had 1 to 8 sows. We used semi-structured questionnaires and periodic monitoring to collect data. We determined the cost of production with the general cost formula and calculated the countable effect of family labor. Two groups were established: Group 1) Young married couples; and Group 2) Elderly couples who have been married for a long time and who do not have married children. Social Network Analysis was used to determine the strength of those relationships.

Results: Five socio-productive relations were discovered: 1) input supplier-producer; 2) piglet breeder-swineherd-butcher; 3) religious festivities-pigs; 4) season of the year-pig; and 5) producer-boar keeper. Income differed when family work was not counted.

Limitations/implications: Results showed that it was possible to combine qualitative data and statistical modelling in studies about social and economic behavior of backyard pig farms and small-scale farms.

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